Porte de Montreuil: Retrofitting the First Zero-Carbon Neighbourhood in Paris
September 24, 2021
In 2016, the legally binding international treaty on climate change—the Paris Agreement—entered into force. Its urgent goal is to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. To achieve this by the year 2050, countries and cities have made commitments to reach net zero carbon—which means not adding new emissions and absorbing an equivalent amount from the atmosphere.
As a pilot project for the namesake—City of Paris—to reach this goal, the consortium Collective for Climate, which comprises Atelier Georges, Tatiana Bilbao Estudio, Serie Architects and Bond Society, has designed an ambitious regeneration scheme for the square of Porte de Montreuil.
The site of Porte de Montreuil’s redevelopment sits upon the Paris eastern ring road in the 20th arrondissement. It covers about 35 hectares in total, extending from Porte de Bagnolet in the north to Porte de Vincennes in the south. A neighbouring territory called Est Ensemble had a large-scale redevelopment project, as part of a national programme for the communes bordering Montreuil and Bagnolet.
These areas—a strategic gateway to Paris—are served by both roads and public transport, and the redevelopment plan serves to further enliven the linkage, growing them into parts of the Greater Paris metropolitan.
For Porte de Montreuil’s urban renewal, sustainability will be implemented in a myriad of ways. As Christopher Lee of Serie Architects said, “we have considered sustainability from as many angles as we can—embodied and operational energy, building materials, programmatic convertibility, culture, biodiversity and waste.”
The retrofitted square and its surrounding buildings have an estimated construction area of 6 hectares. The existing car-oriented site will be transformed into a pedestrian- and cyclist-friendly environment with 7,000 square metres (or 0.7 hectares) of new vegetation. Oases are designed on the site, using natural vegetation and water-based solutions to decrease the temperature by 3 degrees during heat waves. And as an effort to independently source renewable energy, the project will introduce on-site geothermal and photovoltaic energy production to benefit the entire district.
Emissions will also be considerably reduced through the careful choice of construction materials. The project aims to build 80 per cent of the superstructure in French cross-laminated timber (CLT) or stone, and the entire façade will be composed of bio-sourced materials such as terracotta, bricks and hemp. To further reduce carbon footprint during construction, 80 per cent of the materials will be sourced from Paris and its surroundings.
Porte de Montreuil
City of Paris
Estimated Completion Date
Office; Retail; Hotel
60,000 square metres
Nexity; CA Immobilier; ENGIE Aire Nouvelle
Atelier Georges; Tatiana Bilbao Estudio; Serie Architects;
Zefco; Green Affair