According to the team’s research, residents in Hanoi contribute an average of 7,000 tonnes of waste a day, including organic and inorganic waste, as well as recyclable garbage.

Averagely, 6 per cent of the 414 tonnes of inorganic waste is not recyclable and thus buried—the rest of the waste can be processed and reused as fertiliser and such. However, oftentimes, most of the waste do not get sorted and are instead brought straight to the dump sites—as such, the opportunity to allocate them into productive reuse is lost. This results in high costs of collecting and burying the waste, which is also land dependent.

Building on primary agricultural values, the proposal attempts to ‘revive’ waste by incorporating it into a ...

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