China & IndiaPosted on April 22, 2019 (February 25, 2021) by Admin FuturarcYears202120202019201820172016FuturArc Webinar Series SurveyFAQFuturArc App Demo VideoCategoriesMain FeatureCity ProfileShowcaseCommentaryCommentary / 1st Quarter 2019China & Indiaby Heather Banerd HOW RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION SHAPES OUR BUILT ENVIRONMENT: A SPOTLIGHT ON CHINA & INDIA In Asia, we are in the midst of a significant demographic shift, as rural populations flock to urban centres to share in the region’s economic rise.As they do, they are radically transforming both the urban and rural landscapes. Some of the most drastic transformations are taking place in India and China, two of the fastest growing and rapidly urbanising populations in the world.India and China are often discussed as polar opposites, both politically and culturally, and at face value, these differences have led to two different urban landscapes.ChinaChina’s internal migratory population of 274 million moves mainly to its major economic centres, creating three zones of high-intensity urbanisation: the Pearl River Delta; the Yangtze River Delta economic zone; and Jing-JinJi.These are zones of continuous urbanisation, where cities blend together across provincial borders (the Pearl River Delta economic zone, for example, comprises nine cities). There is high-density development; even the suburban outskirts of Shanghai are dominated by high-rise apartment blocks.Outside of these zones, there are a further 100 cities with populations over 1 million—and the country is still only 58 per cent urban.IndiaIn contrast, India’s urbanisation is spread more evenly across the country.While growth is still concentrated in the major cities, smaller towns and mid-sized cities are seeing the fastest growth.This is driven in part by a practice that urbz, an urbanism collective based in Mumbai, terms as “circular urbanism”. Through studying working-class residents in their neighbourhood of Dharavi, urbz found that most rural migrants maintain strong ties to their hometown, returning frequently and developing a dual-household family structure.Rahul Mehrotra, founder of RMA Architects and a professor of Urban Design and Planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, also studies this condition in his research. He estimates that around 300 million people live in this state of flux, moving continuously between the rural and the urban, blurring the divide between the two conditions and creating a distinctive hybrid landscape.To read the complete article, get your hardcopy at our online shop/newsstands/major bookstores; subscribe to FuturArc or download the FuturArc App to read the issues.Previously Published Commentary Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Land use and climate change as drivers of pandemic risk and biodiversity lossCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Land use and climate change as drivers of pandemic risk and biodiversity loss Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Seizing the urban opportunity: Invest in low-carbon cities to protect climate and boost jobsCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Seizing the urban opportunity: Invest in low-carbon cities to protect climate and boost jobs Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Switching coal plants to biomass cofiring is no magic bulletCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Switching coal plants to biomass cofiring is no magic bullet Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Nature left alone offers more than if we exploit itCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Nature left alone offers more than if we exploit it Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Fewer desks, more coffee: Possible changes in offices after COVID-19Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Fewer desks, more coffee: Possible changes in offices after COVID-19 Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Renewables should be focus of Vietnam’s Draft PDP8, not coal and gasCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Renewables should be focus of Vietnam’s Draft PDP8, not coal and gas Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Climate change has not stopped for COVID-19Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Climate change has not stopped for COVID-19 Commentary, Online Exclusive Feature / 2021Davos Agenda 2021: Greta Thunberg’s message to world leadersCommentary, Online Exclusive Feature2021Davos Agenda 2021: Greta Thunberg’s message to world leaders Contact us at https://www.futurarc.com/contact-us for older commentaries.