China & India Posted on April 22, 2019 (April 23, 2019) by Years2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 CategoriesMain Feature City Profile Showcase Commentary Commentary / 1st Quarter 2019 China & India by Heather Banerd HOW RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION SHAPES OUR BUILT ENVIRONMENT: A SPOTLIGHT ON CHINA & INDIA Nantou Old Town Regeneration in Shenzhen, China In Asia, we are in the midst of a significant demographic shift, as rural populations flock to urban centres to share in the region’s economic rise. As they do, they are radically transforming both the urban and rural landscapes. Some of the most drastic transformations are taking place in India and China, two of the fastest growing and rapidly urbanising populations in the world. India and China are often discussed as polar opposites, both politically and culturally, and at face value, these differences have led to two different urban landscapes. China’s internal migratory population of 274 million moves mainly to its major economic centres, creating three zones of highintensity urbanisation: the Pearl River Delta; the Yangtze River Delta economic zone; and Jing-JinJi. These are zones of continuous urbanisation, where cities blend together across provincial borders (the Pearl River Delta economic zone, for example, comprises nine cities). There is highdensity development; even the suburban outskirts of Shanghai are dominated by high-rise apartment blocks. Outside of these zones, there are a further 100 cities with populations over 1 million—and the country is still only 58 per cent urban. In contrast, India’s urbanisation is spread more evenly across the country. While growth is still concentrated in the major cities, smaller towns and mid-sized cities are seeing the fastest growth. This is driven in part by a practice that urbz, an urbanism collective based in Mumbai, terms as “circular urbanism”. Through studying working-class residents in their neighbourhood of Dharavi, urbz found that most rural migrants maintain strong ties to their hometown, returning frequently and developing a dual-household family structure. Rahul Mehrotra, founder of RMA Architects and a professor of Urban Design and Planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, also studies this condition in his research. He estimates that around 300 million people live in this state of flux, moving continuously between the rural and the urban, blurring the divide between the two conditions and creating a distinctive hybrid landscape. To read the complete article, get your hardcopy at our online shop/newsstands/major bookstores; subscribe to FuturArc or download the FuturArc App to read the issues for free! Previously Published Commentary Commentary / 1st Quarter 2020 Carbon Farming and Climate Change Education on Urban Farms Commentary1st Quarter 2020 Carbon Farming and Climate Change Education on Urban Farms Commentary / 4th Quarter 2019 Benchmarking the Benchmark: Reflections on the 10th Anniversary of Malaysia’s Green Building Index Commentary4th Quarter 2019 Benchmarking the Benchmark: Reflections on the 10th Anniversary of Malaysia’s Green Building Index Commentary / 3rd Quarter 2019 Putting Wellness at the Heart of Building Design Commentary3rd Quarter 2019 Putting Wellness at the Heart of Building Design Commentary / 1st Quarter 2019 Rural-Urban Dichotomy: Dhaka Commentary1st Quarter 2019 Rural-Urban Dichotomy: Dhaka Commentary / 1st Quarter 2019 The Digital Bridge Commentary1st Quarter 2019 The Digital Bridge Commentary / Sep - Oct 2018 Functionality, quality, quantity: an overview of public housing in Hong Kong CommentarySep - Oct 2018 Functionality, quality, quantity: an overview of public housing in Hong Kong Commentary / Sep - Oct 2018 Private vs state housing: a review from Hanoi CommentarySep - Oct 2018 Private vs state housing: a review from Hanoi Commentary / Jul - Aug 2018 Urban greening and architectural form: A Bird’s Eye View CommentaryJul - Aug 2018 Urban greening and architectural form: A Bird’s Eye View Contact us at http://www.futurarc.com/contact-us for older commentaries.