Kuala Lumpur Posted on March 12, 2020 (March 13, 2020) by Years2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 CategoriesMain Feature City Profile Showcase Commentary City Profile / 1st Quarter 2020 Kuala Lumpur by Assoc Prof Dr Zalina Shari IMPORTANCE OF URBAN AGRICULTURE Rapid urban population growth in Malaysia has resulted in food insecurity, urban poverty, jobless citizens as well as air and water pollution 1. Malaysia is one of the many countries with annual decreases in food self-sufficiency 2. According to the Malaysia International Trade and Industry 3, the amount of processed food being imported by the country continues to rise. Site plan of Kebun-Kebun Bangsar, where parcel 2 has been developed Geese and plants at the Kebun-Kebun Bangsar farm (Photo by Gregers Reimann) Therefore, urban agriculture is bound to become increasingly important in addressing these problems in the coming years. Malaysia is one of the developing countries that practises urban agriculture as a significant strategy for improving food security. The country began to implement urban agriculture throughout the country, formally in 2014 4. In the Malaysian context, urban agriculture is defined as the practice of planting, processing and distribution of agricultural products in the city and surrounding areas, using natural resources and recycled waste in the production of crops and livestock diversity for recreation and relaxation. URBAN AGRICULTURE PROGRAMME AND ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT As the Malaysian government realised the importance of urban agriculture in building sustainable cities, it introduced campaigns such as Green Earth Campaign and Urban Agriculture Campaign to create awareness and motivate urban citizens towards participating in urban agriculture programmes, which comprises three types, namely individual, community and institutional programmes (DOE, 2015). Malaysia is one of the developing countries that practises urban agriculture as a significant strategy for improving food security. CONSTRAINTS AND THE WAY FORWARD Urban agriculture is beneficial in terms of improving food security by increasing access to food, enriching health, building skills, generating income, enhancing community development and solving environment-related issues. The implementation of urban agriculture in Malaysia has received maximum support through favourable government policies and other organisational efforts. References 1 Siwar, C., Ahmed F., Bashawir A., & Mia M.S. (2016). Urbanization and urban poverty in Malaysia: consequences and vulnerability. Journal of Applied Sciences, 16, 154-160. 2 Ariffin, A. S., Abas, Z., & Baluch, N. (2015). Issues and Challenges of Integrated Agro-Food Supply Chain: An Overview of Malaysian Food Security. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 9(13), 171-174. 3 MITI. (2015). MITI Report 2014. Retrieved from http://www.miti.gov.my/miti/resources/MITI_Report_20141.pdf 4 Tiraieyari, N., & Krauss, S.E. (2018). Predicting youth participation in urban agriculture in Malaysia: insights from the theory of planned behavior and the functional approach to volunteer motivation. Agriculture and Human Values, 1-14. To read the complete article, get your hardcopy at our online shop/newsstands/major bookstores; subscribe to FuturArc or download the FuturArc App to read the issues for free! Previously Published City Profile City Profile / 1st Quarter 2020 Dhaka City Profile1st Quarter 2020 Dhaka City Profile / 1st Quarter 2020 Singapore City Profile1st Quarter 2020 Singapore City Profile / Jan - Feb 2018 Understanding climate change City ProfileJan - Feb 2018 Understanding climate change City Profile / Jan - Feb 2018 Jan-Feb 2018 | Singapore City ProfileJan - Feb 2018 Jan-Feb 2018 | Singapore City Profile / Jan - Feb 2018 Jan-Feb 2018 | Dhaka City ProfileJan - Feb 2018 Jan-Feb 2018 | Dhaka City Profile / Jan - Feb 2018 Bangkok City ProfileJan - Feb 2018 Bangkok Contact us at http://www.futurarc.com/contact-us for older commentaries.